Berthe Morisot (1841-1895), a French Impressionist painter, was born into a family belonging to the haute bourgeoisie (upper middle class) and was brought up to appreciate music and the arts. Her interest and creative flair led her and her sister Edma to further their painting studies by taking classes with Geoffroy-Alphonse Chocarne and Joseph-Benoît Guichard. Guichard exhibited regularly at the highly esteemed Salon - the official art exhibition of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and encouraged the two sisters to visit the Musée du Louvre and copy sculptures. In 1858 Berthe and Edma were admitted to the Louvre as copyists and met Henri Fantin-Latour and Félix Bracquemond. It may have been this contact that led them to propose going to paint outdoors to their new teacher, Achille Oudinot. Through Oudinot they met Camille Corot, who had a determining influence on them.
Edma abandoned her artistic career in 1869 after marrying, and Berthe carried on painting alone. Her works, which had always depicted mainly domestic environments, became even more centred on scenes featuring her own sisters and their children. In 1868 Berthe met Édouard Manet, for whom she posed in The Balcony, which was shown at the Salon the following year. Thereafter Manet and Morisot were bound by a close artistic relationship for the rest of their lives, which was enhanced when Berthe married the painter’s brother Eugène Manet in 1874.
After exhibiting at the Salon from 1864 to 1868, Berthe joined the group of artists who began to show their works in the Impressionist exhibitions. She was absent from only one of their shows, that of 1879, owing to an ailment of her only daughter. She enjoyed a close relationship with the Impressionist painters and held frequent gatherings at her home for artists and intellectuals of the day.
Berthe Morisot, The Mother and Sister of the Artist, 1869-70, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Berthe Morisot, The Cradle, 1872, Musée d'Orsay
Édouard Manet, The Balcony, 1868–69, Musée d'Orsay | Édouard Manet, Berthe Morisot with a Bouquet of Violets (in mourning for her father), 1872, Musée d'Orsay
Berthe Morisot, Woman at her Toilette, 1875, The Art Institute of Chicago
Berthe Morisot, The Psyche Mirror, 1876, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza | Berthe Morisot, At the Ball, 1875
Berthe Morisot, Roses, 1894, Private collection | Berthe Morisot, The Red Blouse, 1885
Berthe Morisot, Reclining Nude Shepherdess, 1891, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza
Biography source: Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza