In Room I of the Cyprus Museum objects from the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods (9th to the 3rd millennium BC.) are on display. Artefacts excavated at the island’s oldest sites tell us of Cyprus’ earliest settlers and how important the island was in the spread of agriculture from the Middle East to the west. Artefacts from the important Neolithic site of Choirokoitia are a major highlight in the Room, such as stone figurines and vessels, tools and jewellery. The island’s first pottery from Ceramic Neolithic sites throughout the island is also exhibited in Room I. The Chalcolithic period is represented by characteristic figurines, as well as pottery and jewellery. The famous picrolite cruciform figurine from Pomos is amongst these objects. Another highlight is the group of objects found at Kissonerga-Mosphilia, including a clay replica of a circular building that was found packed with clay figurines of women in the process of giving birth.