An army field kitchen at work, despite the rainy and muddy conditions. The cooking pots gathered around this field kitchen are called 'Dixie's’, while the men’s own metal containers were called 'bully tins’. With no roof on this kitchen the food and drink would have been unprotected from the elements. Despite the army’s claims that its soldiers received two hot meals a day, most of the hot food had turned cold by the time it had been carried along the labyrinth of communication trenches to the front line. 'Tommy’ entered into general usage after the Rudyard Kipling poems, 'Tommy’ and 'To Thomas Atkins’ (1892), which pay homage to the sturdy character of the average British soldier. [Original reads: 'How Tommy's food is cooked. The field kitchen works always in spite of wet weather.'].