Ancient Egyptian civilization spanned a period of nearly 3,000 years, beginning with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt in about 3100 BCE. A series of kings, called pharaohs (from per aa, “great house”), later organized into 30 dynasties, ruled the country. In 332 BCE, Egypt was conquered by Alexander the Great. It was then ruled by the Greeks, during the so-called Ptolemaic period, and later by the Romans, from 30 BCE to about 395 CE. The early historian Herodotus called Egypt “the gift...
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-: Statue of Horus

-: Statuette of Bastet

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