April 18 is the International Day of Monuments and Historic Sites
Mount Beshbarmag, located on the 85th km of the Guba-Baku road, in the territory of Galashikhi village of Siyazan district, was declared a State Historical-Cultural and Nature Reserve by the decree of the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev dated June 8, 2020. The altitude is 445 meters. This mountain, which consists of five peaks on the coast of the Caspian Sea, is popularly known as “Khidirzind Baba” or “Khidirzind Piri”. The well-known scientist and traveler Adam Oleary, on his way from Darbend to Shamakhi in 1636, mentioned the “Barmak” mountain on the caravan road, as well as the fact that there are many such courtyards in this country, which the local people call “caravansara” and “shelter”. The traveler also notes that this caravanserai is a very ancient building built of large square stones. Dutch traveler Jan Strays writes in his book “Travel”: “In 1666, we passed by Mount Parmax or Barmax. This mountain is near the sea, it is famous for the white and black oil that flows from the ground, and there are strong fortresses on the top of the mountain.